The Disciplines

There are generally 5-6 main martial arts or disciplines used in MMA, with each being adapted to work in context of a fight, though a variety of techniques and principles from other martial arts are often incorporated by some fighters as well. Adapting the discipline into the context of an MMA fight is important - simply being a good boxer doesn't mean you will be a good boxer in MMA, as the range, ability to defend and throw kicks, gloves, etc. all play a factor.

 

Here are the basic "styles" prominently used, and a high-level fighter today is expected to at least have a solid understanding and ability to defend themselves from the basics of these disciplines, if not effectively use them for offense as well.

Grappling Disciplines

Striking Disciplines

Stances

Types of Guards

Fighter Types

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